The thermoelectric properties and crystallographic features of layered perovskite-type Ca-substituted (Sr1-x Cax) 3 (Ti1-y Nby) 2 O7 (y=0-0.2), Ruddlesden-Popper phases were investigated. The influence of crystal structure and carrier concentration on the carrier effective mass for Ti-based metal oxides based on TiO6 octahedra and having a significant Ca substitution effect are discussed. It was found from structural analysis that the large Seebeck coefficients of Ca-substituted compounds can be attributed to the high values of carrier effective mass, which originates from the enhancement of the symmetry of the TiO6 octahedra. Low thermal conductivities, 3.6-3.8 W m-1 K-1 at 300 K, were obtained for Ca-substituted compositions due to phonon scattering at SrO (SrTiO3) 2 interfaces of the inherent superlattice structure and to mass-defect phonon scattering between Ca (MCa =40) and Sr (MSr =88). The highest ZT value obtained was 0.15 at 1000 K, for 10 at % Ca-substituted Sr3 (Ti0.95 Nb0.05) 2 O7.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)