New diamines for high-performance poly(ester imide)s (PEsIs) containing dimethyl groups at the ortho-position of amino groups and ester derivatives have been developed to improve optical transparency and glass transition temperature (Tg) while maintaining a low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). Four kinds of PEsIs derived from bis(4-amino-3,5-dimethylphenyl) terephthalate (BADMT) and aromatic dianhydrides such as 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic dianhydride (PMDA), 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA), 4,4’-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA), and 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)diphthalic (6FDA) were synthesized via a two-step polycondensation. All PEsIs exhibited outstanding properties, such as light color, a good transmittance of >90% at 550 nm, high Tg above 289 °C and 5% weight loss temperature (483–511 °C), and low CTE (11–68 ppm/°C). The effect of the substituent on molecular packing and properties, including optical and thermomechanical properties for the resulting PEsIs were examined in detail. The temperature-dependent CTE of the PEsIs was determined using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The molecular orbital (MO) calculation models support the discussions on the electronic substituent effect of the PEsI main chains. Our molecular architecture and systematic property studies with MD and MO promote a better understanding of the polyimides.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry