Thickness-Dependent Electronic Transport in Ultrathin, Single Crystalline Silicon Nanomembranes

Enming Song, Zhongxun Guo, Guodong Li, Fuyou Liao, Gongjin Li, Haina Du, Oliver G. Schmidt, Minju Kim, Yeonjin Yi, Wenzhong Bao, Yongfeng Mei

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Abstract

As distinct from bulk silicon, ultrathin silicon-on-insulator (SOI) or silicon nanomembranes (Si-NMs) offer excellent electronic and mechanical properties that are essential to the development of electronic/optoelectronic systems. Ultrathin Si-NM field effect transistors (FETs) based on p-doped SOI (100) wafers are investigated. The thickness of the Si-NMs is controllably reduced from 50 nm to 10 nm through the use of a unique etching process. Based on systematic investigation of Si-NM FETs with varying thicknesses, both insulating and metallic behaviors are observed, which can be attributed to carrier enhancement by surface-dipole doping after thickness reduction. Spectroscopy characterization and theoretical simulations reveal that this high surface-dipole density can be inverted, yielding high-density electrons regardless of the bulk p-doped nature of the material, thus significantly enhancing its conductivity. These findings offer a physical understanding of thickness dependence, which is critical to the future development of ultrathin SOI electronics, of relevance to a diverse range of semiconductor applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900232
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Song, E., Guo, Z., Li, G., Liao, F., Li, G., Du, H., Schmidt, O. G., Kim, M., Yi, Y., Bao, W., & Mei, Y. (2019). Thickness-Dependent Electronic Transport in Ultrathin, Single Crystalline Silicon Nanomembranes. Advanced Electronic Materials, 5(7), [1900232]. https://doi.org/10.1002/aelm.201900232