Sheet-type solid electrolyte (SE) membranes are essential for practical all-solid-state Li batteries (ASLBs). To date, SE membrane development has mostly been based on polymer electrolytes with or without the aid of liquid electrolytes, which offset thermal stability (or safety). In this study, a new scalable fabrication protocol for thin (40-70 μm) and flexible single-ion conducting sulfide SE membranes with high conductance (29 mS) and excellent thermal stability (up to ∼400 °C) is reported. Electrospun polyimide (PI) nonwovens provide a favorable porous structure and ultrahigh thermal stability, thus accommodating highly conductive infiltrating solution-processable Li6PS5Cl0.5Br0.5 (2.0 mS cm-1). LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2/graphite ASLBs using 40 μm thick Li6PS5Cl0.5Br0.5-infiltrated PI membranes show promising performances at 30 °C (146 mA h g-1) and excellent thermal stability (marginal degradation at 180 °C). Moreover, a new proof-of-concept fabrication protocol for ASLBs at scale that involves the injection of liquefied SEs into the electrode/PI/electrode assemblies is successfully demonstrated for LiCoO2/PI-Li6PS5Cl0.5Br0.5/Li4Ti5O12 ASLBs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Technology Development Program to Solve Climate Changes and by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF2017M1A2A2044501, 2018R1A2A1A05019733, and NRF-2018R1A2B6004996).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry