Graphene, graphene oxide and their related thiographene-, hydroxygraphene- or fluorographene-based materials have broad applications. We report on the thiol-functionalization of fluorographene via xanthogenate. Such thiographene contains 5.1 at% of sulphur in the form of thiol groups, which is the highest thiol content reported to date. Such tailored thiographene allows the immobilization of two types of enzymes. Here, we explore the functionalization of highly thiolated graphene with enzymes via physisorption or covalent linkage producing an important heterogeneous biocatalyst platform for wastewater treatment applications. Thiographene modified with a lipase from Mucor miehei can find utilization in lipid-rich wastewater treatment whereas the catalase-modified thiographene is intended for bioremediation applications. Upon increasing concentration of the thiol groups on graphene, protein loading of the catalase was increased by 16% and the ester bond cleavage activity of the thiographene-immobilized lipase was 129% that of the free lipase. We expect that such a highly active heterogeneous thiographene-based biocatalyst will find a use in water remediation applications.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR). Z. S. acknowledges the Czech Science Foundation (GACR No. 17-05421S). We thank Dr Jan Plutnar from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (with financial support by the Czech Academy of Science, RVO: 61388963) for the preparation of the fluorographene.
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)