The distance-dependent coseismic and postseismic displacements produced by the 2011 MW9.0 Tohoku-Oki megathrust earthquake caused medium weakening and stress perturbation in the crust around the Korean Peninsula, increasing the seismicity with successive ML5-level earthquakes at the outskirts of high seismicity regions. The average ML5-level occurrence rate prior to the megathrust earthquake was 0.15 yr−1 (0.05–0.35 yr−1 at a 95% confidence level), and the rate has increased to 0.71 yr−1 (0.23–1.67 yr−1 at a 95% confidence level) since the megathrust earthquake. The 2016 ML5-level midcrustal earthquakes additionally changed the stress field in adjacent regions, inducing the 15 November 2017 ML5.4 earthquake. The successive 2016 and 2017 moderate-size earthquakes built complex stress fields in the southeastern Korean Peninsula, increasing the seismic hazard risks in the regions of long-term stress accumulation. The increased seismic risks may continue until the medium properties and stress field are recovered.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The analysis results from the processed data are presented in the supporting information. The seismicity and station information are available from the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA, www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html). This work was supported by grant 2017-MPSS31-007 from the Supporting Technology Development Program for Disaster Management funded by the Korean Ministry of Interior and Safety (MOIS) and by grant NRF-2017R1A6A1A07015374 from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education.
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