TiO2-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites by microwave-assisted forced hydrolysis as excellent insertion anode for Li-ion battery and capacitor

Hyun Kyung Kim, Dattakumar Mhamane, Myeong Seong Kim, Ha Kyung Roh, Vanchiappan Aravindan, Srinivasan Madhavi, Kwang Chul Roh, Kwang Bum Kim

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TiO2-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposite (TiO2-rGO) is fabricated by microwave-assisted forced hydrolysis and examined as prospective electrode for energy storage applications, especially in Li-ion battery (LIB) and Li-ion capacitor (LIC). First, the uniformly distributed nanoscopic TiO2 particulates (∼3 nm) over rGO nanosheets is evaluated as anode in half-cell assembly to ascertain the Li-insertion behavior and found that ∼0.68 mol Li (∼227 mAh g−1) is reversible. Then, “rocking-chair” type LIB is fabricated with spinel LiMn2O4 cathode, and the LiMn2O4/TiO2-rGO assembly exhibits high capacity (∼120 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C rate), good rate capability (∼53 mAh g−1 at 1 C rate), and excellent cycleability (∼90% initial reversible capacity after 1000 cycle) as well. Similarly, the LIC is also constructed with activated carbon cathode, and such configuration delivered a maximum energy density of ∼50 Wh kg−1 with ∼82% retention after 4000 cycles. The synergistic effect of both rGO and anatase nanoparticles provides excellent energy efficiency and battery performance in different kind of Li-ion based energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-177
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 30


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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