Tomographic investigation of the wear along the San Jacinto fault, southern California

Tae Kyung Hong, William Menke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seismic properties of the wear along the San Jacinto fault are investigated using local seismic records for clustered fault-zone earthquakes. Spatial reciprocity allows us to use the seismicity along fault plane to mimic the situation where receiver arrays are placed at depth on the fault plane. A seismic record at the event location is constructed by stacking the original station records. Waveform cross-correlations is then used to calculate the traveltimes of shear waves traveling between the pair of events. We analyze 157 small earthquakes occurring between 1998 and 2004 on the San Jacinto and Elsinore fault zones. Low shear velocities in the San Jacinto fault zone related to wear and gouge are persistently observed up to the depth of brittle-ductile transition zone (∼16 km). On the other hand, low velocities in the Elsinore fault zone are only visible in the northwestern portion at shallow depth. The wear structures in the San Jacinto fault zone display lower shear velocities by 6-8% than those of the wall-rock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-248
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume155
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 16

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Southern California
fault zone
earthquakes
shear
ductile-brittle transition
fault plane
cross correlation
low speed
S waves
waveforms
seismic property
receivers
stations
earthquake
rocks
reciprocity
wall rock
stacking
transition zone
seismicity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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Tomographic investigation of the wear along the San Jacinto fault, southern California. / Hong, Tae Kyung; Menke, William.

In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 155, No. 3-4, 16.05.2006, p. 236-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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