Toward a bioecological model of school engagement: A biometric analysis of gene and environmental factors

Brandy R. Maynard, Kevin M. Beaver, Michael George Vaughn, Matthew DeLisi, Gregory Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

School disengagement is associated with poor academic achievement, dropout, and risk behaviors such as truancy, delinquency, and substance use. Despite empirical research identifying risk correlates of school disengagement across the ecology, it is unclear from which domain these correlates arise. To redress this issue, the current study used intraclass correlation and DeFries-Fulker analyses to longitudinally decompose variance in three domains of engagement (academic, behavioral, and emotional) using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Findings suggest that nonshared environmental factors (that is, environmental contexts and experiences that are unique to each sibling) account for approximately half of the variance in indicators of school disengagement when controlling for genetic influences, and that this variance increases as adolescents grow older and rely less on their immediate family. The present study contributes new evidence on the biosocial underpinnings of school engagement and highlights the importance of interventions targeting factors in the nonshared environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-176
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Work Research
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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environmental factors
disengagement
school
adolescent
truancy
delinquency
drop-out
risk behavior
academic achievement
ecology
empirical research
longitudinal study
biometrics
health
evidence
experience

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Maynard, Brandy R. ; Beaver, Kevin M. ; Vaughn, Michael George ; DeLisi, Matthew ; Roberts, Gregory. / Toward a bioecological model of school engagement : A biometric analysis of gene and environmental factors. In: Social Work Research. 2014 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 164-176.
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Toward a bioecological model of school engagement : A biometric analysis of gene and environmental factors. / Maynard, Brandy R.; Beaver, Kevin M.; Vaughn, Michael George; DeLisi, Matthew; Roberts, Gregory.

In: Social Work Research, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 164-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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