This study was performed to evaluate the clinical impacts of putative risk factors in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections (BSIs) through a prospective, multicenter, observational study. All 567 patients with S. aureus BSIs that occurred during a 1-year period in six general hospitals were included in this study. Host- and pathogen-related variables were investigated to determine risk factors for the early mortality of patients with S. aureus BSIs. The all-cause mortality rate was 15.0% (85/567) during the 4-week follow-up period from the initial blood culture, and 76.5% (65/85) of the mortality cases occurred within the first 2 weeks. One-quarter (26.8%, 152/567) of the S. aureus blood isolates carried the tst-1 gene, and most (86.2%, 131/152) of them were identified to be clonal complex 5 agr type 2 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains harboring staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec type II, belonging to the New York/Japan epidemic clone. A multivariable logistic regression showed that the tst-1 positivity of the causative S. aureus isolates was associated with an increased 2-week mortality rate both in patients with S. aureus BSIs (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90 to 2.88) and in patients with MRSA BSIs (aOR, 2.61; 95% CI, 1.19 to 6.03). Two host-related factors, an increased Pitt bacteremia score and advanced age, as well as a pathogen-related factor, carriage of tst-1 by causative MRSA isolates, were risk factors for 2-week mortality in patients with BSIs. Careful management of patients with BSIs caused by the New York/Japan epidemic clone is needed to improve clinical outcomes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank all Kor-GLASS participants for their contribution to the program. This work was supported by the research program funded by the South Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (grant 2017E4400101). We have no conflicts of interest to declare.
Copyright © 2019 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases