Training improves the capacity of visual working memory when it is adaptive, individualized, and targeted

Eunsam Shin, Hunjae Lee, Sang Ah Yoo, Sang Chul Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigated whether training improves the capacity of visual working memory using individualized adaptive training methods. Two groups of participants were trained for two targeted processes, filtering and consolidation. Before and after the training, the participants, including those with no training, performed a lateralized change detection task in which one side of the visual display had to be selected and the other side ignored. Across ten-day training sessions, the participants performed two modified versions of the lateralized change detection task. The number of distractors and duration of the consolidation period were adjusted individually to increase the task difficulty of the filtering and consolidation training, respectively. Results showed that the degree of improvement shown during the training was positively correlated with the increase in memory capacity, and training-induced benefits were most evident for larger set sizes in the filtering training group. These results suggest that visual working memory training is effective, especially when it is adaptive, individualized, and targeted.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0121702
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean Government (MEST, No. 2011–0025005). We would like to thank Hyejin Kim for the data collection.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Shin et al.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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