Transarterial Radioembolization Versus Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis

Jeong Eun Song, Kyu Sik Jung, Do Young Kim, Kijun Song, Jong Yun Won, Hye Won Lee, Beom Kyung Kim, Seung Up Kim, Jun Yong Park, Sang Hoon Ahn, Jinsil Seong, Kwang Hyub Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose It is unclear whether the efficacy and safety of concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) and transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with 90Y are comparable in patients with locally advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods and Materials In total, 209 treatment-naive patients with stage B or C cancer according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer classification who were treated with TARE or CCRT were analyzed. Propensity scores were calculated and matched at a 1:1 ratio for TARE versus CCRT using age, tumor size, tumor number, portal vein thrombosis, and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging. In the CCRT group, concurrent hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil was delivered at a dosage of 500 mg/d during the first and last 5 days of radiation therapy (median, 45 Gy). Overall survival, freedom from progression, tumor response, and complication rate were compared between the TARE and CCRT groups. Results Among 209 patients, 124 (62 undergoing TARE and 62 undergoing CCRT) were selected after propensity score matching. Overall survival (TARE vs CCRT, 14.0 months vs 13.2 months, P=.435) and freedom from progression (6.9 months vs 7.8 months, P=.437) were comparable between the 2 groups. Objective response rates at 1 month after treatment were higher for CCRT than for TARE (46.8% vs 16.1%, P<.001), while objective response rates at 3 months were significantly higher for TARE than for CCRT (39.3% vs 21.4%, P=.04). There was no significant difference in long-term response rates (at 6 months and 1 year) between the 2 groups. The CCRT group experienced a higher rate of curative resection or liver transplantation after treatment than the TARE group, although the statistical significance was marginal (24.2% vs 11.3%, P=.060). Treatment-related complications were less frequent after TARE than after CCRT. Conclusions Both treatments yielded comparable survival rates and long-term response rates in patients with intermediate- or advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. The role of these modalities as a bridge to curative therapy requires further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-406
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research


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