Purpose: The aim of this study was to report translation and transcultural adaptation of the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale in traditional Chinese (C-DRS-15) and evaluate its psychometric properties.
Methods: The DRS is a self-report instrument that measures psychological hardiness. We followed an international standard of cross-cultural translation and validation of patient-reported outcome measures to create the Chinese version. Then, the translated C-DRS-15 was validated on 542 Chinese women from a population-based sample in Hong Kong.
Results: The internal consistency and criterion-related validity were investigated. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the C-DRS-15 was supported by a modified three-factor structure in our Chinese sample (RMSEA = .06, CFI = .94, TLI = .92, and SRMR = .06). The reliability (Cronbach’s α coefficient = .78) and validity were satisfactory. Total resilience score was negatively correlated with depression (p < .001), with non-depressed women scoring higher on the C-DRS-15.
Conclusions: The C-DRS-15 was demonstrated to be a reliable and valid measurement to assess hardiness in Chinese women.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was financially supported by the Seed Funding Programme for Basic Research, the University of Hong Kong. We would also like to thank Ms. Ruby Tang for contributing to the manuscript editing.
© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health