Transformation from microcrystalline LiMn1-xCrxO 2 to ID nanostructured β-Mn1-xCrxO 2: Promising electrode performance of β-MnO2-type nanowires

Dae Hoon Park, Hyung Wook Ha, Sun Hee Lee, Jin Ho Choy, Seong Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cr-substituted β-Mn1-xCrxO2 nanowires with nonaggregated morphology have been synthesized by the chemical oxidation of layered LiMn0.9Cr0.1O2 microcrystals under hydrothermal conditions at elevated temperature. According to powder X-ray diffraction analysis, a persulfate treatment at 200 °C gives rise to a unique transformation from a monoclinic-layered structure to a pyrolusite-(β-MnO2-) type structure. Electron microscopic analyses clearly demonstrated that the oxidized derivative consists of well-separated single-crystalline nanowires with a diameter of ∼30 nm and a length of several micrometers. Mn K-edge and Cr K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy and chemical analysis provide straightforward evidence for the substitution of chromium ions for the manganese sites of the pyrolusite-structured manganese oxide nanowires. Of special importance is that the present Cr-substituted β-MnO2-type nanowires show promising electrode performance for Li+ ion batteries, superior to those of pristine LiMn0.9Cr0.1O2, bulk β-MnO 2, and other structure-type manganese oxide nanowires including unsubstituted β-MnO2 nanowires. On the basis of the present experimental findings, we are able to conclude that the persulfate treatment under hydrothermal conditions provides a powerful method not only to prepare cation-substituted manganese oxide nanowires but also to improve the electrode performance of microcrystalline metal oxides through nanostructure fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5160-5164
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume112
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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