A laboratory experiment of critical transition flow modes in Czochralski convection was performed. Numerical computation was also made to delineate the dynamic transition mechanism of flow modes. The period of temperature oscillation (tp) and the interval of temperature oscillation (Δθ) were scrutinized to capture the critical transition regime. The mixed convection parameter was varied in a range 0.134 ≤ Ra/PrRe2 ≤ 3.804. The computed results were shown to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The influence of the Prandtl number on the transition was examined for Pr = 910, 4445 and 8889. To understand the transition mechanism, the detailed temperature oscillation modes, the isolines of meridional temperature and the axial velocity profiles were investigated. The effect of the rotations of crucible on the transient flow modes were also examined.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry