We present the results of core-flooding experiments by assessing the impact of capillary heterogeneity on residual and dissolution CO2 trapping. Two types of injection tests with different rates are conducted: single-phase (supercritical CO2) injection and co-injection (equilibrated CO2 and brine) cases are considered for drainage tests. In case of the single-phase injection, CO2 builds up at a low capillary pressure (Pc) zone located upstream of a high Pc zone as CO2 was hindered to transport across the barriers. The experiments were conducted under capillary-dominated condition, and as capillary number (Nc) was increased with greater injection rate, the increased viscous force led higher CO2 saturation in fine matrix implying that high Pc zone was more sensitive to the injection rate than the low Pc zone. The co-injection, however, leads to greater CO2 saturation at the high Pc zone. The observed disparity of CO2 saturation patterns in these two experiments resulted from the induced pressure gradient across the core as well as the greater capillary forces in high Pc zone. The following imbibition test, which was designed to reproduce conditions for the post-injection period, characterized three regimes of spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms as follows: (1) displacement of mobile CO2 by the injected brine and concurrent CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine; (2) preservation of immobile CO2 as a residual trapping; and (3) gradual CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Research Project of the Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning. The authors also appreciate partial financial support by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) (No. 20158510000010); and by Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute (KEITI) (project title: Environmental Management of Geologic CO
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law