Transport of CO2 in heterogeneous porous media

Spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms

Junho Oh, Kue Young Kim, Weon Shik Han, Eungyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of core-flooding experiments by assessing the impact of capillary heterogeneity on residual and dissolution CO2 trapping. Two types of injection tests with different rates are conducted: single-phase (supercritical CO2) injection and co-injection (equilibrated CO2 and brine) cases are considered for drainage tests. In case of the single-phase injection, CO2 builds up at a low capillary pressure (Pc) zone located upstream of a high Pc zone as CO2 was hindered to transport across the barriers. The experiments were conducted under capillary-dominated condition, and as capillary number (Nc) was increased with greater injection rate, the increased viscous force led higher CO2 saturation in fine matrix implying that high Pc zone was more sensitive to the injection rate than the low Pc zone. The co-injection, however, leads to greater CO2 saturation at the high Pc zone. The observed disparity of CO2 saturation patterns in these two experiments resulted from the induced pressure gradient across the core as well as the greater capillary forces in high Pc zone. The following imbibition test, which was designed to reproduce conditions for the post-injection period, characterized three regimes of spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms as follows: (1) displacement of mobile CO2 by the injected brine and concurrent CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine; (2) preservation of immobile CO2 as a residual trapping; and (3) gradual CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-62
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Fingerprint

trapping
Porous materials
porous medium
Dissolution
temporal variation
brine
Capillarity
Experiments
dissolution
saturation
Pressure gradient
Drainage
imbibition
experiment
capillary pressure
pressure gradient
low pressure
flooding
drainage
matrix

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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title = "Transport of CO2 in heterogeneous porous media: Spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms",
abstract = "We present the results of core-flooding experiments by assessing the impact of capillary heterogeneity on residual and dissolution CO2 trapping. Two types of injection tests with different rates are conducted: single-phase (supercritical CO2) injection and co-injection (equilibrated CO2 and brine) cases are considered for drainage tests. In case of the single-phase injection, CO2 builds up at a low capillary pressure (Pc) zone located upstream of a high Pc zone as CO2 was hindered to transport across the barriers. The experiments were conducted under capillary-dominated condition, and as capillary number (Nc) was increased with greater injection rate, the increased viscous force led higher CO2 saturation in fine matrix implying that high Pc zone was more sensitive to the injection rate than the low Pc zone. The co-injection, however, leads to greater CO2 saturation at the high Pc zone. The observed disparity of CO2 saturation patterns in these two experiments resulted from the induced pressure gradient across the core as well as the greater capillary forces in high Pc zone. The following imbibition test, which was designed to reproduce conditions for the post-injection period, characterized three regimes of spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms as follows: (1) displacement of mobile CO2 by the injected brine and concurrent CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine; (2) preservation of immobile CO2 as a residual trapping; and (3) gradual CO2 dissolution into the fresh brine.",
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Transport of CO2 in heterogeneous porous media : Spatio-temporal variation of trapping mechanisms. / Oh, Junho; Kim, Kue Young; Han, Weon Shik; Park, Eungyu.

In: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 57, 01.02.2017, p. 52-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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