The mechanism of catalysis of Bacillus macerans cyclomaltodextrin glucanyltransferase (CGTase, EC 220.127.116.11) was studied by trapping and isolating a covalent-enzyme intermediate. CGTase catalyzes an acceptor or coupling reaction between cyclomaltohexaose and a carbohydrate acceptor such as D-glucose. CGTase was incubated with 3H-labeled cyclomaltohexaose in the absence of any added acceptor. After 30 s of reaction, the enzyme was rapidly denatured and precipitated by the addition of 10% trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Extensive washing of the precipitated protein showed retention of radioactivity with the protein. The precipitate was dissolved in 0.1 M TFA, containing 6 M urea and passed over a BioGel P-10 column. The protein fraction retained 95% of its original radioactivity. The reaction with [3H]cyclomaltohexaose was also stopped by the addition of TFA to give an inactive enzyme at pH 2.5. The enzyme was separated from unreacted cyclomaltohexaose on a BioGel P-10 column and was shown to be radioactive. When the radioactive protein fraction was rechromatographed on BioGel P-10, it retained 100% of the label. These results demonstrate the formation of a covalent carbohydrate-enzyme intermediate in the reactions catalyzed by CGTase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry