Trauma and Injury Severity Score modification for predicting survival of trauma in one regional emergency medical center in Korea: Construction of Trauma and Injury Severity Score coefficient model

In Hye Kang, Kang Hyun Lee, Hyun Youk, Jeong Il Lee, Hee Young Lee, Keum Seok Bae

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Abstract

Background: The problem that is central to trauma research is the prediction of survival rate after trauma. Trauma and Injury Severity Score is being used for predicting survival rate after trauma. Many countries have conducted a study on the classification, characteristics of variables, and the validity of the Trauma and Injury Severity Score model. However, few investigations have been made on the characteristics of coefficients or variables related to Trauma and Injury Severity Score in Korea. Objectives: There is a need for coefficient analysis of Trauma and Injury Severity Score which was created based on the United States database to be optimized for the situation in Korea. Methods: This study examined how the currently used Trauma and Injury Severity Score coefficients were developed and created for trauma patients visiting the emergency department in a hospital in Korea using the analytical method. A total of 34,340 trauma patients who were hospitalized into an emergency center from January 2012 to December 2014 for 3 years were analyzed with trauma registry established on August 2006. Results: Trauma and Injury Severity Score coefficients were transformed with the methods that were used to make the existing Trauma and Injury Severity Score coefficients using the trauma patients’ data. Regression coefficients (B) were drawn by building up a logistic regression analysis model that used variables such as Injury Severity Score, Revised Trauma Score, and age depending on survival with Trauma and Injury Severity Score. Conclusion: With regard to Trauma and Injury Severity Score established in the United States differing from Korea in injury types, it seems possible to realize significant survival rate by deriving coefficients with data in Korea and reanalyzing them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalHong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine

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