Trends in blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension in Korean adults based on the 1998–2014 KNHANES

Tae Jong Kim, Jae Woo Lee, Hee Taik Kang, Myeong Chan Cho, Hyoung Ji Lim, Jin Young Kim, Jang Whan Bae, Yong Jae Lee, Sang Hyun Lee, John A. Linton, Yeseul Kim

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate trends in blood pressure (BP) and hypertension prevalence in Korea. Materials and Methods: Based on the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) I (1998), II (2001), III (2005), IV (2007−2009), V (2010−2012), and VI (2013−2014), 56077 participants (23974 men and 32103 women) were included. Results: Mean systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) decreased in both sexes (male SBP: 128.1 to 120.2 mm Hg, male DBP: 82.0 to 78.5 mm Hg; female SBP: 125.7 to 116.0 mm Hg and female DBP: 77.4 to 73.2 mm Hg from the KNHANES I–VI). The agestandardized prevalence of hypertension was significantly decreased in both sexes (male; 33.3% to 30.3%, female; 28.7% to 22.7%, all p for trend <0.001). Regardless of taking anti-hypertensive medication or not, SBP and DBP declined universally in both sexes. Compared to the KNHANES I, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of the KNHANES II to VI for less-than-normotensive and less-than-hypertensive BP increased in both sexes. Conclusion: Mean BP levels in both sexes and hypertension prevalence showed downward trends during the 16-year period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-365
Number of pages10
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Kim, T. J., Lee, J. W., Kang, H. T., Cho, M. C., Lim, H. J., Kim, J. Y., Bae, J. W., Lee, Y. J., Lee, S. H., Linton, J. A., & Kim, Y. (2018). Trends in blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension in Korean adults based on the 1998–2014 KNHANES. Yonsei medical journal, 59(3), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2018.59.3.356