This study investigated whether the triglyceride (TG) glucose (TyG) index at diagnosis could predict acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). The medical records of 152 AAV were reviewed. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The TyG index was calculated by TyG index = Ln (fasting TG (mg/dL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2). The cut-offs of Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) and the TyG were obtained by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve and the highest tertile (9.011). The mean age was 57.2 years and 32.9% were male. AAV patients with a TyG index ≥ 9.011 exhibited a lower cumulative ACS-free survival rate than those with a TyG index < 9.011. However, a TyG index ≥ 9.011 was not independently associated with ACS in the multivariable Cox analysis. Meanwhile, there might be a close relationship for predicting ACS among the TyG index, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and BVAS. AAV patients with a TyG index ≥ 9.011 exhibited a higher risk for MetS than those with a TyG index < 9.011 (relative risk 2.833). AAV patients with BVAS ≥ 11.5 also exhibited a higher risk for ACS than those with BVAS < 11.5 (relative risk 10.225). Both AAV patients with MetS and those with BVAS ≥11.5 exhibited lower cumulative ACS-free survival rates than those without. The TyG index at AAV diagnosis could estimate the concurrent presence of MetS and predict the occurrence of ACS during follow-up along with high BVAS at diagnosis in patients with AAV.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Jun|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by a faculty research grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2019-0184) and a grant from the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute, funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI14C1324).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry