Monocytes and macrophages play a major role in atherosclerosis development. Previously, we found that triglyceride (TG) promoted cell death of PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages. In this study, we compared the responsiveness of THP-1 monocytes and PMA-differentiated THP-1 macrophages to TNF-α-induced cell death. We found that, whereas THP-1 monocytes were TNF-α-resistant, THP-1 macrophages were sensitive to TNF-α-induced cell death. THP-1 monocytes treated with TG underwent cell death beginning at 24 h and addition of TNF-α further increased cell death. Based on these observations, we hypothesized that TG-induced differentiation of THP-1 monocytes into THP-1 macrophages, subsequently allowing sensitivity to TNF-α. To determine if TG could induce differentiation of THP-1 monocytes into THP-1 macrophages, we examined the mRNA expression levels of the macrophage-specific markers, CD11b, CD18, CD36 and CD68, by RT-PCR analysis. Our results show that expression of CD11b, CD36 and CD68 increased in TG-treated THP-1 monocytes in a dose- and time-dependent manner; furthermore, TNF-α expression was upregulated in TG-treated THP-1 monocytes. We have concluded that TG induces differentiation of THP-1 monocytes into macrophages concomitant with the production of TNF-α and increased sensitivity to TNF-α-dependent cell death.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology