The efficacy and safety of adding cilostazol to aspirin plus clopidogrel (triple antiplatelet therapy, TAPT) have not been fully evaluated in complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to investigate whether TAPT after PCI for bifurcation lesions improves long-term clinical outcomes. Consecutive patients undergoing PCI for bifurcation lesions were enrolled from 18 centers in Korea between 2003 and 2009. We compared target vessel failure (TVF), defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target vessel revascularization (TVR), among 675 patients who received TAPT and 2081 who received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT: aspirin plus clopidogrel). Patients who received TAPT had more cardiovascular co-morbidities with regard to clinical, angiographic, and procedural characteristics. During the follow-up (median 36 months), 346 (12.6 %) TVFs occurred. The incidence of TVF was significantly higher in the TAPT group, mainly driven by a higher TVR rate. In the TAPT group, however, the risk of TVF was not significantly different from the DAPT group after adjusting for the confounders of TVFs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.86, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.53–1.39, p = 0.53). And also, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of the risks for death, cardiac death, MI, TVR, stent thrombosis, or cerebrovascular accident. These results were consistent after propensity score-matched analysis, and were also constant among the high-risk subgroups. TAPT after bifurcation PCI had no beneficial effect on the risk of long-term clinical outcomes in real-world clinical practice. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the 2013 Inje University Research Grant (Busan, Republic of Korea).
© 2014, Springer Japan.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine