Tumor necrosis factor acts synergistically with autocrine interferon-β and increases interferon-β mRNA levels in human fibroblasts

L. F.L. Reis, T. H. Lee, J. Vilcek

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Medium of untreated human FS-4 foreskin fibroblasts contained a factor which, upon the addition of exogenous tumor necrosis factor (TNF), inhibited encephalomyocarditis virus replication when neither medium alone nor TNF alone were effective. This antiviral activity was abolished by a monoclonal antibody to human interferon (IFN)-β, suggesting that the active component in the medium from untreated FS-4 cells was IFN-β, present at subeffective concentrations. In addition, we show that untreated FS-4 cells contain IFN-β mRNA, demonstrable by the highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction after reverse transcription. Treatment of FS-4 cells with TNF produced an approximately 16-fold increase in the steady-state level of IFN-β mRNA. Our results support the conclusion that autocrine IFN-β is secreted by untreated normal fibroblasts and that TNF can enhance the production of autocrine IFN-β by increasing the level of IFN-β mRNA. Our study also demonstrates that subeffective concentrations of autocrine IFN-β, which escape detection in conventional assays, are sufficient to produce a strong synergistic action with TNF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16351-16354
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume264
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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