Although gene therapies using tissue-specific promoters have been reported to be a promising tool for treating cancers, few studies have explored this possibility for uterine cervical cancer. MN/CA9 is a transmembrane glycoprotein that was first identified in the human cervical carcinoma cell line, HeLa. Since MN/CA9 protein is highly expressed in uterine cervical cancer tissues, but not in normal cervix, we constructed a tumor-specific replication-competent adenoviral vector utilizing MN/CA9 promoter (Ad-MN/CA9-E1a), which can replicate only in MN/CA9-expressing cells. Infection of Ad-MN/CA9-E1a to MN/CA9-positive uterine cervical cancer cells (HeLa, C-33 A and SiHa) resulted in much stronger Ad5 E1a protein expressions compared with MN/CA9-negative cells (SK-RC-29), suggesting a tissue-specific replication of this recombinant adenovirus. In vitro cytotoxicity assay revealed that the growth of MN/CA9-positive cells was significantly inhibited with 0.01-1 MOI of Ad-MN/CA9-E1a, but the growth of MN/CA9-negative cells (SK-RC-29) could only be inhibited by as many as 100 MOI. Intratumoral injection of Ad-MN/CA9-E1a effectively induced growth delay of HeLa tumors in nude mice. These results suggest that a novel replication-competent adenoviral vector mediated by MN/CA9 promoter, Ad-MN/CA9-E1a, can selectively replicate in MN/CA9-expressing tumors with cytotoxic effects and may be utilized for the treatment of uterine cervical cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research