Vertically aligned zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) with different surface morphology were grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on sapphire substrate. To study the effect of surface morphology on wettability, the contact angle (CA) of water was measured. It was demonstrated that the CA of the deposited ZnO NRs varied between 104° and 135° depending upon the surface morphology. The ZnO NRs became super-hydrophilic after ultraviolet (UV) illumination. However, the NR arrays were reconverted to their previous hydrophobic state after low temperature annealing (50 °C) in open atmosphere. Structural effect and preferential adsorption of water molecules on the defective sites of UV illuminated surface was used to explain the transition mechanism. Under the alternations of heat treatment and UV illumination, a reversible transition between hydrophobicity and super-hydrophilicity were observed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films