We report that the spin-alignment of interstitial anionic electrons (IAEs) in two-dimensional (2D) interlayer spacing can be tuned by chemical pressure that controls the magnetic properties of 2D electrides. It was clarified from the isovalent Sc substitution on the Y site in the 2D Y2C electride that the localization degree of IAEs at the interlayer becomes stronger as the unit cell volume and c-axis lattice parameter were systematically reduced by increasing the Sc contents, thus eventually enhancing superparamagnetic behavior originated from the increase in ferromagnetic particle concentration. It was also found that the spin-aligned localized IAEs dominated the electrical conduction of heavily Sc-substituted Y2C electride. These results indicate that the physcial properties of 2D electrides can be tailored by adjusting the localization of IAEs at interlayer spacing via structural modification that controls the spin instability as found in three-dimensional elemental electrides of pressurized potassium metals.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2015M3D1A1070639).
© 2017 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry