A single subcarrier intensity modulation (SIM) with time delay diversity (TDD) is proposed to mitigate atmospheric turbulence-induced fading in satellite optical communications. As the scintillation causes signal to fade randomly, time delay longer than the channel correlation time is used on the orthogonal phase of the subcarrier to avoid the signal totally fading. In order not to have the adaptive threshold, the maximum order of phase-shift keying (PSK) in SIM is QPSK. Therefore, it can be applied to TDD by separating QPSK into BPSK. Simulations are conducted under the atmospheric channel, which is modeled based on the Kolmogorov power-law spectrum and Taylor frozen hypotheses. The simulation results demonstrate that the in-phase and quadrature phase of the subcarrier can be adopted as the orthogonal resources in TDD scheme.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion (IITP), Republic of Korea grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT; Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) [ 2019000685 ]
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering