Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment

The Korean College Graduates’ Experience

Chul Hee Kang, Sooyeon Huh, Sangmi Cho, Erica Yoonkyung Auh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Korea’s nonprofit sector has undergone a sudden expansion in the last decade and its nonprofits experienced high employee turnover. This study is the first in Korean literature to examine workforce shifts in nonprofit organizations and explore influential factors that explain job changes from the nonprofit sector to other sectors. Using a three-wave panel data set of community college/university graduates, the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey, we conducted a discrete-time survival analysis with the dependent variable of actual turnover. Our findings indicate that over half of employees left nonprofits within a year, and the majority found a new job in for-profit organizations. Different factors predicted turnover to for-profits, government agencies, and educational or research institutes. Age, wage level, employment type, and the size of nonprofit organizations explained employee shifts. Satisfaction with one’s overall job, job content, social reputation, and opportunities for career development were significant predictors. Implications for nonprofit organizations are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-664
Number of pages24
JournalNonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 28

Fingerprint

non-profit-organization
turnover
non-profit sector
graduate
employee
profit
job content
job change
wage level
experience
research facility
government agency
reputation
career
community

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Kang, Chul Hee ; Huh, Sooyeon ; Cho, Sangmi ; Auh, Erica Yoonkyung. / Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment : The Korean College Graduates’ Experience. In: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 2015 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 641-664.
@article{3c91fbbc1bc84115bcc9b35ff9526577,
title = "Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment: The Korean College Graduates’ Experience",
abstract = "Korea’s nonprofit sector has undergone a sudden expansion in the last decade and its nonprofits experienced high employee turnover. This study is the first in Korean literature to examine workforce shifts in nonprofit organizations and explore influential factors that explain job changes from the nonprofit sector to other sectors. Using a three-wave panel data set of community college/university graduates, the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey, we conducted a discrete-time survival analysis with the dependent variable of actual turnover. Our findings indicate that over half of employees left nonprofits within a year, and the majority found a new job in for-profit organizations. Different factors predicted turnover to for-profits, government agencies, and educational or research institutes. Age, wage level, employment type, and the size of nonprofit organizations explained employee shifts. Satisfaction with one’s overall job, job content, social reputation, and opportunities for career development were significant predictors. Implications for nonprofit organizations are discussed.",
author = "Kang, {Chul Hee} and Sooyeon Huh and Sangmi Cho and Auh, {Erica Yoonkyung}",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1177/0899764014553032",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "641--664",
journal = "Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly",
issn = "0899-7640",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment : The Korean College Graduates’ Experience. / Kang, Chul Hee; Huh, Sooyeon; Cho, Sangmi; Auh, Erica Yoonkyung.

In: Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Vol. 44, No. 4, 28.08.2015, p. 641-664.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Turnover and Retention in Nonprofit Employment

T2 - The Korean College Graduates’ Experience

AU - Kang, Chul Hee

AU - Huh, Sooyeon

AU - Cho, Sangmi

AU - Auh, Erica Yoonkyung

PY - 2015/8/28

Y1 - 2015/8/28

N2 - Korea’s nonprofit sector has undergone a sudden expansion in the last decade and its nonprofits experienced high employee turnover. This study is the first in Korean literature to examine workforce shifts in nonprofit organizations and explore influential factors that explain job changes from the nonprofit sector to other sectors. Using a three-wave panel data set of community college/university graduates, the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey, we conducted a discrete-time survival analysis with the dependent variable of actual turnover. Our findings indicate that over half of employees left nonprofits within a year, and the majority found a new job in for-profit organizations. Different factors predicted turnover to for-profits, government agencies, and educational or research institutes. Age, wage level, employment type, and the size of nonprofit organizations explained employee shifts. Satisfaction with one’s overall job, job content, social reputation, and opportunities for career development were significant predictors. Implications for nonprofit organizations are discussed.

AB - Korea’s nonprofit sector has undergone a sudden expansion in the last decade and its nonprofits experienced high employee turnover. This study is the first in Korean literature to examine workforce shifts in nonprofit organizations and explore influential factors that explain job changes from the nonprofit sector to other sectors. Using a three-wave panel data set of community college/university graduates, the Graduates Occupational Mobility Survey, we conducted a discrete-time survival analysis with the dependent variable of actual turnover. Our findings indicate that over half of employees left nonprofits within a year, and the majority found a new job in for-profit organizations. Different factors predicted turnover to for-profits, government agencies, and educational or research institutes. Age, wage level, employment type, and the size of nonprofit organizations explained employee shifts. Satisfaction with one’s overall job, job content, social reputation, and opportunities for career development were significant predictors. Implications for nonprofit organizations are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938239747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938239747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0899764014553032

DO - 10.1177/0899764014553032

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 641

EP - 664

JO - Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly

JF - Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly

SN - 0899-7640

IS - 4

ER -