ABSTRACT: We obtained homogeneously aligned liquid crystals (LCs) on ion beam (IB) irradiated poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) by controlling the IB energy. We then examined the LC alignment state using polarized optical microscopy and conducted thermal stability testing. We obtained homogeneous LC alignment at IB energies above 1,400 eV, indicating that strong IB energy facilitates the alignment of LCs on the PMMA surface. This surface was analyzed by atomic force microscopy, and the contact angles (CAs) were measured to elucidate the mechanism of LC alignment. The increased surface energy strengthened the van der Waals interaction between the surface and LCs, thereby inducing stable, homogeneous LC alignment. Electro-optical (EO) characteristics were measured using twisted nematic (TN) LC mode. Compared to LC cells with conventionally used rubbed polyimide (PI), the LC cells with IB-irradiated PMMA exhibited higher thermal budgets and good electro-optical characteristics. These new LC cells have promising potential for advanced LC displays.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics