Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region

J. Lee, J. S. Kim, C. H. Nahm, J. W. Choi, J. Kim, S. H. Pai, K. H. Moon, K. Lee, Y. Chong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram-negative rod and is isolated from soil and water in tropical and subtropical regions. The species have pigmented and nonpigmented colony types. Infections caused by nonpigmented strains are rare. We report on two cases of infection caused by both pigmented and nonpigmented strains of C. violaceum. Two 24-year-old Korea Airline stewardesses were admitted to Inha University Hospital, Inchon, South Korea, on 9 August 1997, 3 days after an airplane accident in Guam. Both had multiple lacerations on exposed parts of their bodies. There was swelling, tenderness, and pus discharge. The wounds contained many small fragments of stones and weeds. A pigmented strain was isolated from the left hand and a nonpigmented strain was isolated from the left knee of one patient. For the other patient only a nonpigmented strain was isolated from a foot wound. The nonpigmented colonies from the left-knee and the left-foot wounds did not produce any pigment even after an extended period of incubation. The biochemical characteristics were the same for each strain except for oxidase and indole reactions. The pigmented strain was oxidase negative and indole positive, whereas the nonpigmented strains were oxidase positive and indole negative. The patients were successfully treated by debridement and with appropriate antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2068-2070
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Clinical Microbiology
Volume37
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1999 May 29

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Chromobacterium
Foot
Knee
Wounds and Injuries
Infection
Guam
Republic of Korea
Suppuration
Aircraft
Lacerations
Debridement
Korea
Human Body
Accidents
Soil
Hand
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Water
indole-2,3-dioxygenase

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Lee, J., Kim, J. S., Nahm, C. H., Choi, J. W., Kim, J., Pai, S. H., ... Chong, Y. (1999). Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 37(6), 2068-2070.
Lee, J. ; Kim, J. S. ; Nahm, C. H. ; Choi, J. W. ; Kim, J. ; Pai, S. H. ; Moon, K. H. ; Lee, K. ; Chong, Y. / Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region. In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1999 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 2068-2070.
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Lee, J, Kim, JS, Nahm, CH, Choi, JW, Kim, J, Pai, SH, Moon, KH, Lee, K & Chong, Y 1999, 'Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region', Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 2068-2070.

Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region. / Lee, J.; Kim, J. S.; Nahm, C. H.; Choi, J. W.; Kim, J.; Pai, S. H.; Moon, K. H.; Lee, K.; Chong, Y.

In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Vol. 37, No. 6, 29.05.1999, p. 2068-2070.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Lee J, Kim JS, Nahm CH, Choi JW, Kim J, Pai SH et al. Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 1999 May 29;37(6):2068-2070.