Extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDR-PA) is a lifethreatening pathogen that causes serious global problems. Here, we investigated two novel P. aeruginosa bacteriophages (phages), Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836, in vitro, in silico, and in vivo to evaluate the potential of phage therapy to control XDR-PA clinical strains. Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 belong to the Siphoviridae family and exhibited broad host ranges which could lyse 18 (64%) and 14 (50%) of the 28 XDR-PA strains. In addition, the two phages showed strong bacteriolytic activity against XDR-PA host strains from pneumonia patients. The whole genomes of Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 have linear double-stranded DNA of 60,919 and 37,714 bp, respectively. The complete sequence of Bϕ-R656 had very low similarity to the previously discovered P. aeruginosa phages in GenBank, but phage Bϕ-R1836 exhibited 98% and 91% nucleotide similarity to Pseudomonas phages YMC12/01/R24 and PA1/KOR/2010, respectively. In the two in vivo infection models, treatment with Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 enhanced the survival of Galleria mellonella larvae (50% and 60%, respectively) at 72 h postinfection and pneumonia-model mice (66% and 83%, respectively) at 12 days postinfection compared with untreated controls. Treatment with Bϕ-R656 or Bϕ-R1836 also significantly decreased the bacterial load in the lungs of the mouse pneumonia model (>6 log10 CFU and > 4 log10 CFU, respectively) on day 5.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology