Two-phase anaerobic treatment system for fat-containing wastewater

Sang Hyoun Kim, Sun Kee Han, Hang Sik Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of a two-phase anaerobic treatment system for fat-containing wastewater. The two-phase system was composed of a continuously stirred tank reactor for acidogenesis and an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for methanogenesis. Its performance was compared with a conventional single-phase system of a UASB reactor treating synthetic wastewater containing major long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs). LCFAs did not cause any significant problem up to the LCFA mixture loading rate of 1.21kg LCFA-COD m-3 day-1 (3500 mg LCFA-COD dm-3) in both systems. However, the efficiency of the single-phase system deteriorated at loading rates above 1.38 kg LCFA-COD m-3 day-1 (4000mg LCFA-COD dm-3), while that of the two-phase system was still satisfactory. More than 19.2% of LCFAs were degraded and 11.5% of unsaturated LCFAs were saturated in the acidogenesis of the two-phase system, which led to the enhanced specific methane production rate and the reduced scum layer of the subsequent UASB reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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