This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of a two-phase anaerobic treatment system for fat-containing wastewater. The two-phase system was composed of a continuously stirred tank reactor for acidogenesis and an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for methanogenesis. Its performance was compared with a conventional single-phase system of a UASB reactor treating synthetic wastewater containing major long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs). LCFAs did not cause any significant problem up to the LCFA mixture loading rate of 1.21kg LCFA-COD m-3 day-1 (3500 mg LCFA-COD dm-3) in both systems. However, the efficiency of the single-phase system deteriorated at loading rates above 1.38 kg LCFA-COD m-3 day-1 (4000mg LCFA-COD dm-3), while that of the two-phase system was still satisfactory. More than 19.2% of LCFAs were degraded and 11.5% of unsaturated LCFAs were saturated in the acidogenesis of the two-phase system, which led to the enhanced specific methane production rate and the reduced scum layer of the subsequent UASB reactor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry