Two section wideband hybrid coupler with short-circuited coupled lines in the middle branch is demonstrated. The coupled lines are designed with a parallel-coupled 3-line, which has tight coupling and symmetric transmission phase over the center frequency. Without defected ground planes and a multilayer process, the proposed two-section coupler has the widest fractional bandwidth (FBW) than other two or even three section hybrid couplers modified from branch-line couplers. The designed wideband coupler has 55% FBW at the center frequency of 1.9 GHz. The bandwidth is limited by 1-dB power imbalance and the worst return loss, isolation, and phase imbalance within the bandwidth are 20.1 dB, 20.8 dB, and 3.2°, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering