Background & Aims: Second forward view (SFV) examination of the right colon (RC) in colonoscopy was suggested to improve the adenoma detection rate (ADR), but multicenter data to inform its routine use remain limited. We performed an international multicenter randomized trial comparing SFV vs a standard single forward view examination of the RC on adenoma detection. Methods: Asymptomatic individuals undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopies from 6 Asia Pacific regions were invited for study. A forward view examination of the RC was first performed in all patients, followed by randomization at the hepatic flexure to either SFV examination of the RC and standard withdrawal examination from the hepatic flexure to rectum, or a standard withdrawal colonoscopy (SWC) examination from the hepatic flexure to rectum. The primary outcome was RC ADR. Results: Between 2016 and 2019, there were 1011 patients randomized (SFV group, 502 patients; SWC group, 509 patients). Forty-five endoscopists performed the colonoscopies. The RC ADR was significantly higher in the SFV group than in the SWC group (27.1% vs 21.6%; P =.042). The whole-colon ADR was high in both groups (49.0% vs 45.0%; P =.201). The SFV examination identified 58 additional adenomas in 49 patients (9.8%), leading to a change in surveillance recommendations in 15 patients (3.0%). The median overall withdrawal time was 1.5 minutes longer in the SFV group (12.0 vs 10.5 min; P <.001). Older age, male sex, ever smoking, and longer RC withdrawal time were independent predictors of right-sided adenoma detection. Conclusions: In this multicenter trial, SFV examination significantly increased the RC ADR in screening and surveillance colonoscopies. Routine RC SFV examination should be considered. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03121495.
|Journal||Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Feb|
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