Background: Limited studies focused on long-term outcomes of statin therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with or without dyslipidemia after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the era of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES). We thought to investigate 2-year clinical outcomes of statin therapy in these patients. Methods: A total of 18,137 eligible AMI patients (from the Korea AMI Registry [KAMIR]) were finally enrolled and divided into four groups according to the presence or absence of dyslipidemia and statin therapy (dyslipidemia+/statin− [group A, 309 patients], dyslipidemia+/statin+ [group B, 2094 patients], dyslipidemia−/statin– [group C, 672 patients], dyslipidemia−/statin+ [group D, 15062 patients]). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac event (MACE) defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI) and revascularization. Results: During the 2-year follow-up period, the cumulative incidence of MACE in the group A was higher than the group B (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.207; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.098–3.743; p =.024) and the group D (adjusted HR, 2.110; 95% CI, 1.240–3.593, p =.006). This significantly increased incidence of MACE caused by the higher cumulative incidences of all-cause death and cardiac death (CD) in the group A compared with groups B and D. However, the cumulative incidences of MI and revascularization were not significantly different among these four groups. Conclusion: Statin therapy demonstrated significantly reduced incidences of MACE, all-cause death and CD compared with non-users after PCI in AMI patients with or without dyslipidemia during 2-year follow-up period in the era of new-generation DES.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a fund (2016-ER6304-02) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine