Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts

I. H. Park, S. Ahmad, P. Barrillon, S. Brandt, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, A. J. Castro-Tirado, P. Chen, Y. J. Choi, P. Connell, S. Dagoret-Campagne, C. Eyles, B. Grossan, M. –H A. Huang, A. Jung, S. Jeong, J. E. Kim, M. B. Kim, Sug-Whan Kim, Y. W. Kim, A. S. KrasnovJ. Lee, H. Lim, E. V. Linder, T. C. Liu, N. Lund, K. W. Min, G. W. Na, J. W. Nam, M. I. Panasyuk, J. Ripa, V. Reglero, J. M. Rodrigo, G. F. Smoot, J. E. Suh, S. Svertilov, N. Vedenkin, M. Z. Wang, I. Yashin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

One of the least documented and understood aspects of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) is the rise phase of the optical light curve. The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) is an effort to address this question through extraordinary opportunities presented by a series of space missions including a small spacecraft observatory. The UFFO is equipped with a fast-response Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT) which uses rapidly moving mirror or mirror arrays to redirect the optical beam rather than slewing the entire spacecraft to aim the optical instrument at the GRB position. The UFFO will probe the early optical rise of GRBs with a sub-second response, for the first time, opening a completely new frontier in GRB and transient studies, the only GRB system which can point and measure on these time scales. Its fast response measurements of the optical emission of dozens of GRB each year will provide unique probes of the burst mechanism, shock breakouts in core-collapse supernovae, tidal disruptions around black holes, test Lorentz violation, be the electromagnetic counterpart to neutrino and gravitational wave signatures of the violent universe, and verify the prospect of GRB as a new standard candle potentially opening up the z>10 universe. As a first step, we employ a motorized slewing stage in SMT which can point to the event within 1s after X-ray trigger, in the UFFO-pathfinder payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite to be launched in 2012. The pathfinder was a small and limited, yet remarkably powerful microobservatory for rapid optical response to bright gamma-ray bursts, the first part of our GRB and rapid-response long-term program. We describe the early photon science, the space mission of UFFO-pathfinder, and our plan for the next step.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication1st LeCosPA Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationTowards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012
EditorsPisin Chen
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd
Pages259-273
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789814449366
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Event1st Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics Symposium, LeCosPA 2012 - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 2012 Feb 62012 Feb 9

Publication series

Name1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012

Other

Other1st Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics Symposium, LeCosPA 2012
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei
Period12/2/612/2/9

Fingerprint

gamma ray bursts
flash
observatories
observatory
slewing
photons
mirrors
space missions
spacecraft
probe
optical instrument
universe
telescopes
probes
payloads
gravitational waves
light curve
timescale
light emission
supernovae

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Park, I. H., Ahmad, S., Barrillon, P., Brandt, S., Budtz-Jorgensen, C., Castro-Tirado, A. J., ... Yashin, I. (2013). Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts. In P. Chen (Ed.), 1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012 (pp. 259-273). (1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012). World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd.
Park, I. H. ; Ahmad, S. ; Barrillon, P. ; Brandt, S. ; Budtz-Jorgensen, C. ; Castro-Tirado, A. J. ; Chen, P. ; Choi, Y. J. ; Connell, P. ; Dagoret-Campagne, S. ; Eyles, C. ; Grossan, B. ; Huang, M. –H A. ; Jung, A. ; Jeong, S. ; Kim, J. E. ; Kim, M. B. ; Kim, Sug-Whan ; Kim, Y. W. ; Krasnov, A. S. ; Lee, J. ; Lim, H. ; Linder, E. V. ; Liu, T. C. ; Lund, N. ; Min, K. W. ; Na, G. W. ; Nam, J. W. ; Panasyuk, M. I. ; Ripa, J. ; Reglero, V. ; Rodrigo, J. M. ; Smoot, G. F. ; Suh, J. E. ; Svertilov, S. ; Vedenkin, N. ; Wang, M. Z. ; Yashin, I. / Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts. 1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012. editor / Pisin Chen. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, 2013. pp. 259-273 (1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012).
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abstract = "One of the least documented and understood aspects of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) is the rise phase of the optical light curve. The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) is an effort to address this question through extraordinary opportunities presented by a series of space missions including a small spacecraft observatory. The UFFO is equipped with a fast-response Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT) which uses rapidly moving mirror or mirror arrays to redirect the optical beam rather than slewing the entire spacecraft to aim the optical instrument at the GRB position. The UFFO will probe the early optical rise of GRBs with a sub-second response, for the first time, opening a completely new frontier in GRB and transient studies, the only GRB system which can point and measure on these time scales. Its fast response measurements of the optical emission of dozens of GRB each year will provide unique probes of the burst mechanism, shock breakouts in core-collapse supernovae, tidal disruptions around black holes, test Lorentz violation, be the electromagnetic counterpart to neutrino and gravitational wave signatures of the violent universe, and verify the prospect of GRB as a new standard candle potentially opening up the z>10 universe. As a first step, we employ a motorized slewing stage in SMT which can point to the event within 1s after X-ray trigger, in the UFFO-pathfinder payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite to be launched in 2012. The pathfinder was a small and limited, yet remarkably powerful microobservatory for rapid optical response to bright gamma-ray bursts, the first part of our GRB and rapid-response long-term program. We describe the early photon science, the space mission of UFFO-pathfinder, and our plan for the next step.",
author = "Park, {I. H.} and S. Ahmad and P. Barrillon and S. Brandt and C. Budtz-Jorgensen and Castro-Tirado, {A. J.} and P. Chen and Choi, {Y. J.} and P. Connell and S. Dagoret-Campagne and C. Eyles and B. Grossan and Huang, {M. –H A.} and A. Jung and S. Jeong and Kim, {J. E.} and Kim, {M. B.} and Sug-Whan Kim and Kim, {Y. W.} and Krasnov, {A. S.} and J. Lee and H. Lim and Linder, {E. V.} and Liu, {T. C.} and N. Lund and Min, {K. W.} and Na, {G. W.} and Nam, {J. W.} and Panasyuk, {M. I.} and J. Ripa and V. Reglero and Rodrigo, {J. M.} and Smoot, {G. F.} and Suh, {J. E.} and S. Svertilov and N. Vedenkin and Wang, {M. Z.} and I. Yashin",
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Park, IH, Ahmad, S, Barrillon, P, Brandt, S, Budtz-Jorgensen, C, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Chen, P, Choi, YJ, Connell, P, Dagoret-Campagne, S, Eyles, C, Grossan, B, Huang, MHA, Jung, A, Jeong, S, Kim, JE, Kim, MB, Kim, S-W, Kim, YW, Krasnov, AS, Lee, J, Lim, H, Linder, EV, Liu, TC, Lund, N, Min, KW, Na, GW, Nam, JW, Panasyuk, MI, Ripa, J, Reglero, V, Rodrigo, JM, Smoot, GF, Suh, JE, Svertilov, S, Vedenkin, N, Wang, MZ & Yashin, I 2013, Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts. in P Chen (ed.), 1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012. 1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, pp. 259-273, 1st Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics Symposium, LeCosPA 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China, 12/2/6.

Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts. / Park, I. H.; Ahmad, S.; Barrillon, P.; Brandt, S.; Budtz-Jorgensen, C.; Castro-Tirado, A. J.; Chen, P.; Choi, Y. J.; Connell, P.; Dagoret-Campagne, S.; Eyles, C.; Grossan, B.; Huang, M. –H A.; Jung, A.; Jeong, S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. B.; Kim, Sug-Whan; Kim, Y. W.; Krasnov, A. S.; Lee, J.; Lim, H.; Linder, E. V.; Liu, T. C.; Lund, N.; Min, K. W.; Na, G. W.; Nam, J. W.; Panasyuk, M. I.; Ripa, J.; Reglero, V.; Rodrigo, J. M.; Smoot, G. F.; Suh, J. E.; Svertilov, S.; Vedenkin, N.; Wang, M. Z.; Yashin, I.

1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012. ed. / Pisin Chen. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd, 2013. p. 259-273 (1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts

AU - Park, I. H.

AU - Ahmad, S.

AU - Barrillon, P.

AU - Brandt, S.

AU - Budtz-Jorgensen, C.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A. J.

AU - Chen, P.

AU - Choi, Y. J.

AU - Connell, P.

AU - Dagoret-Campagne, S.

AU - Eyles, C.

AU - Grossan, B.

AU - Huang, M. –H A.

AU - Jung, A.

AU - Jeong, S.

AU - Kim, J. E.

AU - Kim, M. B.

AU - Kim, Sug-Whan

AU - Kim, Y. W.

AU - Krasnov, A. S.

AU - Lee, J.

AU - Lim, H.

AU - Linder, E. V.

AU - Liu, T. C.

AU - Lund, N.

AU - Min, K. W.

AU - Na, G. W.

AU - Nam, J. W.

AU - Panasyuk, M. I.

AU - Ripa, J.

AU - Reglero, V.

AU - Rodrigo, J. M.

AU - Smoot, G. F.

AU - Suh, J. E.

AU - Svertilov, S.

AU - Vedenkin, N.

AU - Wang, M. Z.

AU - Yashin, I.

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - One of the least documented and understood aspects of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) is the rise phase of the optical light curve. The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) is an effort to address this question through extraordinary opportunities presented by a series of space missions including a small spacecraft observatory. The UFFO is equipped with a fast-response Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT) which uses rapidly moving mirror or mirror arrays to redirect the optical beam rather than slewing the entire spacecraft to aim the optical instrument at the GRB position. The UFFO will probe the early optical rise of GRBs with a sub-second response, for the first time, opening a completely new frontier in GRB and transient studies, the only GRB system which can point and measure on these time scales. Its fast response measurements of the optical emission of dozens of GRB each year will provide unique probes of the burst mechanism, shock breakouts in core-collapse supernovae, tidal disruptions around black holes, test Lorentz violation, be the electromagnetic counterpart to neutrino and gravitational wave signatures of the violent universe, and verify the prospect of GRB as a new standard candle potentially opening up the z>10 universe. As a first step, we employ a motorized slewing stage in SMT which can point to the event within 1s after X-ray trigger, in the UFFO-pathfinder payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite to be launched in 2012. The pathfinder was a small and limited, yet remarkably powerful microobservatory for rapid optical response to bright gamma-ray bursts, the first part of our GRB and rapid-response long-term program. We describe the early photon science, the space mission of UFFO-pathfinder, and our plan for the next step.

AB - One of the least documented and understood aspects of gamma-ray bursts (GRB) is the rise phase of the optical light curve. The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) is an effort to address this question through extraordinary opportunities presented by a series of space missions including a small spacecraft observatory. The UFFO is equipped with a fast-response Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT) which uses rapidly moving mirror or mirror arrays to redirect the optical beam rather than slewing the entire spacecraft to aim the optical instrument at the GRB position. The UFFO will probe the early optical rise of GRBs with a sub-second response, for the first time, opening a completely new frontier in GRB and transient studies, the only GRB system which can point and measure on these time scales. Its fast response measurements of the optical emission of dozens of GRB each year will provide unique probes of the burst mechanism, shock breakouts in core-collapse supernovae, tidal disruptions around black holes, test Lorentz violation, be the electromagnetic counterpart to neutrino and gravitational wave signatures of the violent universe, and verify the prospect of GRB as a new standard candle potentially opening up the z>10 universe. As a first step, we employ a motorized slewing stage in SMT which can point to the event within 1s after X-ray trigger, in the UFFO-pathfinder payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite to be launched in 2012. The pathfinder was a small and limited, yet remarkably powerful microobservatory for rapid optical response to bright gamma-ray bursts, the first part of our GRB and rapid-response long-term program. We describe the early photon science, the space mission of UFFO-pathfinder, and our plan for the next step.

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Park IH, Ahmad S, Barrillon P, Brandt S, Budtz-Jorgensen C, Castro-Tirado AJ et al. Ultra-fast flash observatory (UFFO) for observation of early photons from gamma ray bursts. In Chen P, editor, 1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd. 2013. p. 259-273. (1st LeCosPA Symposium: Towards Ultimate Understanding of the Universe, LeCosPA 2012).