Ultrafast Pulsed All-Fiber Laser Based on Tapered Fiber Enclosed by Few-Layer WS2 Nanosheets

Reza Khazaeinezhad, Sahar Hosseinzadeh Kassani, Hwanseong Jeong, Kyung Jun Park, Byoung Yoon Kim, Dong Il Yeom, Kyunghwan Oh

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63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate all-fiber mode-locked laser based on a tapered optical fiber saturable absorber (SA) enclosed in tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanosheets. Tapered fibers were fabricated using the standard flame brushing method to an interaction length of 3 mm with waist diameters of 10 and 15 μ {m}. WS2 nanosheets were prepared via a liquid phase exfoliation method to form a uniform dispersion. Subsequently, the WS2 nanosheets were optically deposited along the interaction length of the tapered fibers by evanescent field interactions. We built a ring laser including the fabricated mode-lockers. The SA with a 10-μ {m} taper diameter delivers the pulses with a pulse duration of 369 fs and 3-dB spectral bandwidth of 7.5 nm; on the other hand, the output pulses using the mode-locker with 15-μ{m} waist diameter were found to have 563-fs pulse duration and 5.2 nm of 3-dB bandwidth. It is shown that the smaller waist diameter of tapered fiber causes wider spectral bandwidth of the ultrafast pulses and narrower 3-dB bandwidth.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7094233
Pages (from-to)1581-1584
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Volume27
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Khazaeinezhad, R., Kassani, S. H., Jeong, H., Park, K. J., Kim, B. Y., Yeom, D. I., & Oh, K. (2015). Ultrafast Pulsed All-Fiber Laser Based on Tapered Fiber Enclosed by Few-Layer WS2 Nanosheets. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 27(15), 1581-1584. [7094233]. https://doi.org/10.1109/LPT.2015.2426178