Ultrafast spin-resolved spectroscopy reveals dominant exciton dynamics in conducting polymer polyaniline

Soonyoung Cha, Yoochan Hong, Jaemoon Yang, Inhee Maeng, Seung Jae Oh, Kiyoung Jeong, Jin Suck Suh, Seungjoo Haam, Yong Min Huh, Hyunyong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conducting polymer polyaniline (PANI) has a wide range of optoelectronic applications due to its unique electronic and optical characteristics. Although extensive works have been performed to understand the equilibrium properties, the nature of the charge type that governs its nonequilibrium optical response has been barely understood; a number of studies have debated the nature of photogenerated charge type in PANI, specifically whether it is polaron or exciton based. Here, we report experimental evidence that the charge relaxation dynamics of PANI are dominated by excitons. Utilizing ultrafast spin-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy, we observed that PANI charge dynamics are strongly spin-polarized, exhibiting a spin Pauli-blocking effect. Investigations including both spin-independent and spin-dependent dynamics reveal that there is no spin-flip process involved in charge relaxation. This provides compelling evidence of an exciton-dominated photoresponse in PANI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20371-20375
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume117
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 3

Fingerprint

Conducting polymers
conducting polymers
Polyaniline
Excitons
excitons
Spectroscopy
spectroscopy
Gene Conversion
Optoelectronic devices
LDS 751
polyaniline
Pumps
pumps
probes
electronics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Cha, Soonyoung ; Hong, Yoochan ; Yang, Jaemoon ; Maeng, Inhee ; Oh, Seung Jae ; Jeong, Kiyoung ; Suh, Jin Suck ; Haam, Seungjoo ; Huh, Yong Min ; Choi, Hyunyong. / Ultrafast spin-resolved spectroscopy reveals dominant exciton dynamics in conducting polymer polyaniline. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2013 ; Vol. 117, No. 39. pp. 20371-20375.
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Ultrafast spin-resolved spectroscopy reveals dominant exciton dynamics in conducting polymer polyaniline. / Cha, Soonyoung; Hong, Yoochan; Yang, Jaemoon; Maeng, Inhee; Oh, Seung Jae; Jeong, Kiyoung; Suh, Jin Suck; Haam, Seungjoo; Huh, Yong Min; Choi, Hyunyong.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, No. 39, 03.10.2013, p. 20371-20375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cha, Soonyoung

AU - Hong, Yoochan

AU - Yang, Jaemoon

AU - Maeng, Inhee

AU - Oh, Seung Jae

AU - Jeong, Kiyoung

AU - Suh, Jin Suck

AU - Haam, Seungjoo

AU - Huh, Yong Min

AU - Choi, Hyunyong

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