Ultrafiltration membranes based on hybrids of an amphiphilic graft copolymer and titanium isopropoxide

Min Su Park, Byeong Ju Park, Na Un Kim, Jung Tae Park, Jong Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Graft copolymer poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) is combined with titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) to form hybrids that undergo phase separation in a water bath. The water permeance of the PVC-g-POEM membrane increases by hybridization with TTIP owing to an increase in the surface pore size and porosity. Upon heating to 80 °C, the water permeances of PVC-g-POEM and PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decrease owing to the increased thickness of the top layer. However, the bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection of PVC-g-POEM increases, while that of PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decreases. This is attributed to accelerated dissolution of TTIP at 80 °C, resulting in a large number of surface pores. The antifouling performance is significantly improved by TTIP addition and heating owing to increased hydrophilicity, as confirmed by contact angle, O/C atomic ratio, and water content measurements. The PVC-g-POEM/TTIP membrane prepared at 25 °C shows the best performance [338 L m−2 h−1 bar−1 (LMH) water permeance, 89.4% BSA rejection, and 91.9% flux ratio recovery].

Original languageEnglish
Article number45932
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume135
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 20

Fingerprint

Graft copolymers
Ultrafiltration
Titanium
Membranes
Water
Bovine Serum Albumin
Heating
Hydrophilicity
titanium isopropoxide
poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate)
Phase separation
Water content
Pore size
Contact angle
Dissolution
Porosity
Fluxes
Recovery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Ultrafiltration membranes based on hybrids of an amphiphilic graft copolymer and titanium isopropoxide",
abstract = "Graft copolymer poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) is combined with titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) to form hybrids that undergo phase separation in a water bath. The water permeance of the PVC-g-POEM membrane increases by hybridization with TTIP owing to an increase in the surface pore size and porosity. Upon heating to 80 °C, the water permeances of PVC-g-POEM and PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decrease owing to the increased thickness of the top layer. However, the bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection of PVC-g-POEM increases, while that of PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decreases. This is attributed to accelerated dissolution of TTIP at 80 °C, resulting in a large number of surface pores. The antifouling performance is significantly improved by TTIP addition and heating owing to increased hydrophilicity, as confirmed by contact angle, O/C atomic ratio, and water content measurements. The PVC-g-POEM/TTIP membrane prepared at 25 °C shows the best performance [338 L m−2 h−1 bar−1 (LMH) water permeance, 89.4{\%} BSA rejection, and 91.9{\%} flux ratio recovery].",
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Ultrafiltration membranes based on hybrids of an amphiphilic graft copolymer and titanium isopropoxide. / Park, Min Su; Park, Byeong Ju; Kim, Na Un; Park, Jung Tae; Kim, Jong Hak.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 135, No. 12, 45932, 20.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Park, Jung Tae

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PY - 2018/3/20

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N2 - Graft copolymer poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) is combined with titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) to form hybrids that undergo phase separation in a water bath. The water permeance of the PVC-g-POEM membrane increases by hybridization with TTIP owing to an increase in the surface pore size and porosity. Upon heating to 80 °C, the water permeances of PVC-g-POEM and PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decrease owing to the increased thickness of the top layer. However, the bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection of PVC-g-POEM increases, while that of PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decreases. This is attributed to accelerated dissolution of TTIP at 80 °C, resulting in a large number of surface pores. The antifouling performance is significantly improved by TTIP addition and heating owing to increased hydrophilicity, as confirmed by contact angle, O/C atomic ratio, and water content measurements. The PVC-g-POEM/TTIP membrane prepared at 25 °C shows the best performance [338 L m−2 h−1 bar−1 (LMH) water permeance, 89.4% BSA rejection, and 91.9% flux ratio recovery].

AB - Graft copolymer poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) is combined with titanium isopropoxide (TTIP) to form hybrids that undergo phase separation in a water bath. The water permeance of the PVC-g-POEM membrane increases by hybridization with TTIP owing to an increase in the surface pore size and porosity. Upon heating to 80 °C, the water permeances of PVC-g-POEM and PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decrease owing to the increased thickness of the top layer. However, the bovine serum albumin (BSA) rejection of PVC-g-POEM increases, while that of PVC-g-POEM/TTIP decreases. This is attributed to accelerated dissolution of TTIP at 80 °C, resulting in a large number of surface pores. The antifouling performance is significantly improved by TTIP addition and heating owing to increased hydrophilicity, as confirmed by contact angle, O/C atomic ratio, and water content measurements. The PVC-g-POEM/TTIP membrane prepared at 25 °C shows the best performance [338 L m−2 h−1 bar−1 (LMH) water permeance, 89.4% BSA rejection, and 91.9% flux ratio recovery].

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