Ultrasensitive and Stretchable Conductive Fibers Using Percolated Pd Nanoparticle Networks for Multisensing Wearable Electronics: Crack-Based Strain and H2Sensors

Chihyeong Won, Sanggeun Lee, Han Hee Jung, Janghoon Woo, Kukro Yoon, Jaehong Lee, Chaebeen Kwon, Minkyu Lee, Heetak Han, Yongfeng Mei, Kyung In Jang, Taeyoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The need for wearable electronic devices continues to grow, and the research is under way for stretchable fiber-type sensors that are sensitive to the surrounding atmosphere and will provide proficient measurement capabilities. Currently, one-dimensional fiber sensors have several limitations for their extensive use because of the complex structures of the sensing mechanisms. Thus, it is essential to miniaturize these materials with durability while integrating multiple sensing capabilities. Herein, we present an ultrasensitive and stretchable conductive fiber sensor using PdNP networks embedded in elastomeric polymers for crack-based strain and H2 sensing. The fiber multimodal sensors show a gauge factor of ∼2040 under 70% strain and reliable mechanical deformation tolerance (10,000 stretching cycles) in the strain-sensor mode. For H2 sensing, the fiber multimodal sensors exhibit a wide sensing range of high sensitivity: -0.43% response at 5 ppm (0.0005%) H2 gas and -27.3% response at 10% H2 gas. For the first time, we demonstrate highly stretchable H2 sensors that can detect H2 gas under 110% strain with mechanical durability. As demonstrated, their stable performance allows them to be used in wearable applications that integrate fiber multimodal sensors into industrial safety clothing along with a microinorganic light-emitting diode for visual indication, which exhibits proper activation upon H2 gas exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45243-45253
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 7

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2017M3A7B4049466, NRF-2019M3C1B8090845, and NRF-2017M3A9G8084463). This work was also supported by the Priority Research Centers Program through the NRF (NRF-2019R1A6A1A11055660). This work was supported by the KIST Institutional Program (Project No. 2Z06430-20-P064). This research was partially supported by the Graduate School of YONSEI University Research Scholarship Grants in 2018.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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