A rapid and scalable synthesis of six new imine-linked highly porous and crystalline COFs is presented that feature exceptionally high chemical stability in harsh environments including conc. H2SO4 (18 m), conc. HCl (12 m), and NaOH (9 m). This is because of the presence of strong interlayer C−H⋅⋅⋅N hydrogen bonding among the individual layers, which provides significant steric hindrance and a hydrophobic environment around the imine (−C=N−) bonds, thus preventing their hydrolysis in such an abrasive environment. These COFs were further converted into porous, crystalline, self-standing, and crack-free COF membranes (COFMs) with extremely high chemical stability for their potential applications for sulfuric acid recovery. The as-synthesized COFMs exhibit unprecedented permeance for acetonitrile (280 Lm−2 h−1 bar−1) and acetone (260 Lm−2 h−1 bar−1).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
A.H. & S.B. acknowledge CSIR and S.K. acknowledges UGC, India for research fellowships. A.C. thanks SERB NPDF (PDF/2015/000622) for a fellowship. We acknowledge Himad-ri S. Sasmal for single crystal data collection. R.B. acknowledges DST Indo-Singapore Project (INT/SIN/P-05) and DST Nanomission Project (SR/NM/NS-1179/2012 G) for funding. We acknowledge Dr. T. G. Ajithkumar & Anjali Krishna M. for the NMR and Dr. C. Ramesh & Dr. K. Guruswamy for PXRD facility.
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