Ultrathin endoscope-assisted self-expandable metallic stent placement following initial unsuccessful attempt in malignant upper gastrointestinal obstruction

Se Woo Park, Hyuk Lee, Jun Chul Park, Sung Kwan Shin, Sang Kil Lee, Yong Chan Lee

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Conventional endoscopy for self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement may be technically limited in long and tortuous strictures. Therefore, we analyzed the feasibility, safety and usefulness of ultrathin endoscopy (UTE)-guided SEMS placement. Patients and Methods This study involved 24 patients with upper gastrointestinal obstruction and unsuccessful initial attempts to place SEMS using conventional endoscopy. After completely passing a UTE across the stricture, the UTE was withdrawn, leaving a guidewire placed via the working channel. Through-the-scope SEMS placement was done using a conventional endoscope inserted along the guidewire. The primary endpoints were assessed by technical/clinical success and stent patency duration. Results Stents were successfully placed at target locations in all but one case with a long tortuous stricture, with 95.8% (23/24) technical success. One week after stent placement, mean gastricoutlet obstruction score improved significantly from baseline (1.74 ± 0.62 and 0.33 ± 0.48, respectively; P < 0.001). Stent migration, restenosis, and fracture occurred in four (17.4%), six (26.1%), and one (4.3%) of 23 stents, respectively. Median stent patency duration was 79 days. Mean stent patency was significantly longer in patients who received palliative chemotherapy than in those who did not (122.9 ± 11.0 and 38.3 ± 4.6, respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusions UTE guidance SEMS delivery can be a feasible and safe rescue treatment method for malignant upper gastrointestinal obstruction in cases of failed attempts to place SEMS using conventional endoscopy. Our result warrants a further study to define the efficacy of this method in difficult SEMS placement cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-207
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive Endoscopy
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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