Polyurethane acrylate/surface-modified colloidal calcium carbonate (PUA/SCaCO3) nanocomposite coatings were successfully prepared via a UV-curing technology. The structural and morphological features of the PUA/SCaCO3 nanocomposites were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and wide angle X-ray diffraction (XRD). The physical properties were strongly dependent upon chemical and morphological structures that originated from differences in SCaCO3 loading. A critical SCaCO3 concentration was observed for the evolution of both the structure and physical properties of the PUA/SCaCO3 nanocomposites as a function of SCaCO3 content. The thermal stability was measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively, and displayed some enhancement with the incorporation of SCaCO3 into PUA. Although the nanomechanical properties increased up to 3 wt% SCaCO3 content, they decreased due to lack of interfacial interaction with high SCaCO3 loading. Most importantly, the water uptake and water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) varied from 5.51 to 1.78 wt% and 28.9 to 19.9 g/m2 day, respectively, exhibiting significant enhancement in water resistance. The results clearly reveal that the performance of UV-curable PUA/SCaCO3 nanocomposites is strongly dependent on organically-modified colloidal SCaCO3 nanoparticles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry