Uncertainty and unmet care needs constantly change in patients with cancer. However, there is a lack of information regarding the changing pattern of these variables. This study aimed to examine the changes in uncertainty and unmet care needs at diagnosis and after surgery among patients with gastric cancer. In total, 86 individuals completed a self-reported questionnaire. Data were collected twice – to measure uncertainty and unmet care needs at cancer diagnosis (T1), and after surgery (T2) – and analyzed using descriptive analysis and a dependent t-test. Uncertainty was moderate at both periods but significantly higher at T1. Unmet care needs were highest in the information domain and lowest in the sexuality domain at both T1 and T2. Only the physical/daily living domain were significantly higher at T2, whereas the information, psychological, and patient care/support domains were significantly higher at T1. Different levels of uncertainty and unmet needs were identified at T1 and T2. Healthcare providers should assess changing unmet care needs at each stage of the cancer trajectory and provide related nursing care and information to this population, even immediately after diagnosis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research did not receive any specific grants from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. We appreciate the participation of all patients in this study. We also express our deep appreciation for Dr. Mi Ja Kim, RN, FRCN, FAAN, who carefully supervised this manuscript.
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