Uncertainty quantification of upstream wind effects on single-sided ventilation in a building using generalized polynomial chaos method

Xiang Sun, Jinsoo Park, Jung-il Choi, Gwang Hoon Rhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The single-sided ventilation rate in a building can be estimated using an empirical correlation that developed based on the results of deterministic experiments or numerical simulations. Owing to the complex flow patterns near a building, it is difficult to establish a robust correlation considering upstream wind uncertainties such as wind speed and direction. We perform RANS simulations and generalized polynomial chaos-based uncertainty quantification analysis to investigate the effects of the upstream uncertainties on the ventilation rate. It was found that the reference wind speed and the incident angle significantly affect the ventilation rate. Warren and Parkins' correlation shows a reasonable prediction of the average ventilation rate over the incident angle, while Larsen's correlation, in general, underestimates the ventilation rates. Further, the average ventilation rates in the side direction are lower than those in the windward and leeward directions, while larger variations of the ventilation rate in the leeward direction are found at high speeds, compared to those in the other directions. Owing to unresolved turbulent induced ventilation rates in the RANS model, the present ventilation rates may not accurately provide actual ventilation rates. Nevertheless, the present UQ analysis indicates that the existing correlation between the ventilation rate and the wind speed must account for the influence of the wind direction, especially at high wind speeds, in order to estimate the single-sided ventilation rate in a building with greater accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-167
Number of pages15
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume125
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 15

Fingerprint

Wind effects
chaotic dynamics
chaos
quantification
Chaos theory
Ventilation
ventilation
Polynomials
uncertainty
incident
wind velocity
simulation
present
wind direction
Uncertainty
rate
effect
method
experiment
Uncertainty analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

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title = "Uncertainty quantification of upstream wind effects on single-sided ventilation in a building using generalized polynomial chaos method",
abstract = "The single-sided ventilation rate in a building can be estimated using an empirical correlation that developed based on the results of deterministic experiments or numerical simulations. Owing to the complex flow patterns near a building, it is difficult to establish a robust correlation considering upstream wind uncertainties such as wind speed and direction. We perform RANS simulations and generalized polynomial chaos-based uncertainty quantification analysis to investigate the effects of the upstream uncertainties on the ventilation rate. It was found that the reference wind speed and the incident angle significantly affect the ventilation rate. Warren and Parkins' correlation shows a reasonable prediction of the average ventilation rate over the incident angle, while Larsen's correlation, in general, underestimates the ventilation rates. Further, the average ventilation rates in the side direction are lower than those in the windward and leeward directions, while larger variations of the ventilation rate in the leeward direction are found at high speeds, compared to those in the other directions. Owing to unresolved turbulent induced ventilation rates in the RANS model, the present ventilation rates may not accurately provide actual ventilation rates. Nevertheless, the present UQ analysis indicates that the existing correlation between the ventilation rate and the wind speed must account for the influence of the wind direction, especially at high wind speeds, in order to estimate the single-sided ventilation rate in a building with greater accuracy.",
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Uncertainty quantification of upstream wind effects on single-sided ventilation in a building using generalized polynomial chaos method. / Sun, Xiang; Park, Jinsoo; Choi, Jung-il; Rhee, Gwang Hoon.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 125, 15.11.2017, p. 153-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The single-sided ventilation rate in a building can be estimated using an empirical correlation that developed based on the results of deterministic experiments or numerical simulations. Owing to the complex flow patterns near a building, it is difficult to establish a robust correlation considering upstream wind uncertainties such as wind speed and direction. We perform RANS simulations and generalized polynomial chaos-based uncertainty quantification analysis to investigate the effects of the upstream uncertainties on the ventilation rate. It was found that the reference wind speed and the incident angle significantly affect the ventilation rate. Warren and Parkins' correlation shows a reasonable prediction of the average ventilation rate over the incident angle, while Larsen's correlation, in general, underestimates the ventilation rates. Further, the average ventilation rates in the side direction are lower than those in the windward and leeward directions, while larger variations of the ventilation rate in the leeward direction are found at high speeds, compared to those in the other directions. Owing to unresolved turbulent induced ventilation rates in the RANS model, the present ventilation rates may not accurately provide actual ventilation rates. Nevertheless, the present UQ analysis indicates that the existing correlation between the ventilation rate and the wind speed must account for the influence of the wind direction, especially at high wind speeds, in order to estimate the single-sided ventilation rate in a building with greater accuracy.

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