As various private sector practices have been introduced into the public sector, some were adopted without careful assessment of potential policy and management implications. One such example is the adoption of pay-for-performance (PFP). While previous research has corroborated that this performance incentive mechanism was implemented without thorough assessment, the diffusion process of PFP has not been empirically tested or evaluated. This study applies a regional diffusion model among American (U.S.) states to examine the diffusion process. Findings show that state governments tend to adopt PFP plans when they become aware of their neighboring states adopting them, but the marginal probability of adoption decreases as the numbers of neighbors adopting such plans increases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Administration
- Strategy and Management