Unique cyclic performance of post-treated carbide-derived carbon as an anode electrode

Sun Hwa Yeon, Wook Ahn, Sungnam Lim, Kyoung Hee Shin, Chang Soo Jin, Jae Deok Jeon, Kwang Bum Kim, Seung Bin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbide-derived carbon (CDC) is an attractive anode material for Li-ion battery applications because diverse pore textures and structures from amorphous to highly ordered graphite can be controlled by changing the synthesis conditions and precursor, respectively. To elucidate the unique cycling behavior of the post air-treated CDC anode, electrochemical performance was studied under variation of C-rates with structural changes before and after cycling. By tailoring the pore texture of CDCs as removal of amorphous phase by post air-activation, the anode electrode showed a high increase of capacity under prolonged cycling and under high C-rate conditions such as 0.3-1.0 C-rates. The discharge capacities of the treated CDC increased from 400 mAh g-1 to 913 mAh g-1 with increasing cycle number and were close to high initial irreversible value, 1250 mAh g-1, at the 220th cycle under a 0.1C-rate condition, which are unique and unusual cyclic properties in carbon anode applications. Under high C-rate conditions, the discharge capacities started to increase from around 160 mAh g-1 and values of 415 mAh g-1, 372 mAh g-1, and 336 mAh g-1, were observed at 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 C-rates, respectively, at 600 cycles, demonstrating stable capacity performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-101
Number of pages11
JournalCarbon
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Carbides
Anodes
Carbon
Electrodes
Textures
Graphite
Air
Chemical activation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Yeon, S. H., Ahn, W., Lim, S., Shin, K. H., Jin, C. S., Jeon, J. D., ... Park, S. B. (2014). Unique cyclic performance of post-treated carbide-derived carbon as an anode electrode. Carbon, 78, 91-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2014.06.052
Yeon, Sun Hwa ; Ahn, Wook ; Lim, Sungnam ; Shin, Kyoung Hee ; Jin, Chang Soo ; Jeon, Jae Deok ; Kim, Kwang Bum ; Park, Seung Bin. / Unique cyclic performance of post-treated carbide-derived carbon as an anode electrode. In: Carbon. 2014 ; Vol. 78. pp. 91-101.
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Yeon, SH, Ahn, W, Lim, S, Shin, KH, Jin, CS, Jeon, JD, Kim, KB & Park, SB 2014, 'Unique cyclic performance of post-treated carbide-derived carbon as an anode electrode', Carbon, vol. 78, pp. 91-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2014.06.052

Unique cyclic performance of post-treated carbide-derived carbon as an anode electrode. / Yeon, Sun Hwa; Ahn, Wook; Lim, Sungnam; Shin, Kyoung Hee; Jin, Chang Soo; Jeon, Jae Deok; Kim, Kwang Bum; Park, Seung Bin.

In: Carbon, Vol. 78, 01.01.2014, p. 91-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yeon, Sun Hwa

AU - Ahn, Wook

AU - Lim, Sungnam

AU - Shin, Kyoung Hee

AU - Jin, Chang Soo

AU - Jeon, Jae Deok

AU - Kim, Kwang Bum

AU - Park, Seung Bin

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N2 - Carbide-derived carbon (CDC) is an attractive anode material for Li-ion battery applications because diverse pore textures and structures from amorphous to highly ordered graphite can be controlled by changing the synthesis conditions and precursor, respectively. To elucidate the unique cycling behavior of the post air-treated CDC anode, electrochemical performance was studied under variation of C-rates with structural changes before and after cycling. By tailoring the pore texture of CDCs as removal of amorphous phase by post air-activation, the anode electrode showed a high increase of capacity under prolonged cycling and under high C-rate conditions such as 0.3-1.0 C-rates. The discharge capacities of the treated CDC increased from 400 mAh g-1 to 913 mAh g-1 with increasing cycle number and were close to high initial irreversible value, 1250 mAh g-1, at the 220th cycle under a 0.1C-rate condition, which are unique and unusual cyclic properties in carbon anode applications. Under high C-rate conditions, the discharge capacities started to increase from around 160 mAh g-1 and values of 415 mAh g-1, 372 mAh g-1, and 336 mAh g-1, were observed at 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 C-rates, respectively, at 600 cycles, demonstrating stable capacity performance.

AB - Carbide-derived carbon (CDC) is an attractive anode material for Li-ion battery applications because diverse pore textures and structures from amorphous to highly ordered graphite can be controlled by changing the synthesis conditions and precursor, respectively. To elucidate the unique cycling behavior of the post air-treated CDC anode, electrochemical performance was studied under variation of C-rates with structural changes before and after cycling. By tailoring the pore texture of CDCs as removal of amorphous phase by post air-activation, the anode electrode showed a high increase of capacity under prolonged cycling and under high C-rate conditions such as 0.3-1.0 C-rates. The discharge capacities of the treated CDC increased from 400 mAh g-1 to 913 mAh g-1 with increasing cycle number and were close to high initial irreversible value, 1250 mAh g-1, at the 220th cycle under a 0.1C-rate condition, which are unique and unusual cyclic properties in carbon anode applications. Under high C-rate conditions, the discharge capacities started to increase from around 160 mAh g-1 and values of 415 mAh g-1, 372 mAh g-1, and 336 mAh g-1, were observed at 0.3, 0.5, and 1.0 C-rates, respectively, at 600 cycles, demonstrating stable capacity performance.

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