Universal Scaling Relationship to Screen an Efficient Metallic Adsorbent for Adsorptive Removal of Iodine Gas under Humid Conditions: First-Principles Study

Hoje Chun, Joonhee Kang, Byungchan Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Safe control and removal of radioactive iodine gases (I-129 and I-131) leaking from the accidents in chemical factories or nuclear industries are of importance because of their critical damage to the biosphere. We study the adsorptive removal of the off-gaseous iodine using transition metals of group 10 and group 11 under humid conditions. First-principles calculations enable to capture key adsorption natures of iodine and water molecules on the adsorbent surfaces. The underlying mechanism is analyzed by thermodynamic free energies, electronic structures, and surface work function changes. Our results unveil why silver metal shows notably outstanding efficiency for the iodine removal. We propose an innovative and insightful map to guide sorting out the best metal adsorbents and impregnants for dramatic improvement of the adsorptive removal of the radioactive iodine gas. Our study is useful for preventing critical risks from chemical and nuclear accidents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11799-11806
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume122
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 7

Fingerprint

adsorbents
Iodine
Adsorbents
iodine
Gases
scaling
gases
accidents
Accidents
Metals
biosphere
Nuclear industry
classifying
industrial plants
Silver
Sorting
metals
Free energy
Electronic structure
Transition metals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "Safe control and removal of radioactive iodine gases (I-129 and I-131) leaking from the accidents in chemical factories or nuclear industries are of importance because of their critical damage to the biosphere. We study the adsorptive removal of the off-gaseous iodine using transition metals of group 10 and group 11 under humid conditions. First-principles calculations enable to capture key adsorption natures of iodine and water molecules on the adsorbent surfaces. The underlying mechanism is analyzed by thermodynamic free energies, electronic structures, and surface work function changes. Our results unveil why silver metal shows notably outstanding efficiency for the iodine removal. We propose an innovative and insightful map to guide sorting out the best metal adsorbents and impregnants for dramatic improvement of the adsorptive removal of the radioactive iodine gas. Our study is useful for preventing critical risks from chemical and nuclear accidents.",
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AU - Kang, Joonhee

AU - Han, Byungchan

PY - 2018/6/7

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AB - Safe control and removal of radioactive iodine gases (I-129 and I-131) leaking from the accidents in chemical factories or nuclear industries are of importance because of their critical damage to the biosphere. We study the adsorptive removal of the off-gaseous iodine using transition metals of group 10 and group 11 under humid conditions. First-principles calculations enable to capture key adsorption natures of iodine and water molecules on the adsorbent surfaces. The underlying mechanism is analyzed by thermodynamic free energies, electronic structures, and surface work function changes. Our results unveil why silver metal shows notably outstanding efficiency for the iodine removal. We propose an innovative and insightful map to guide sorting out the best metal adsorbents and impregnants for dramatic improvement of the adsorptive removal of the radioactive iodine gas. Our study is useful for preventing critical risks from chemical and nuclear accidents.

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