Unusual glass-forming ability induced by changes in the local atomic structure in Ti-based bulk metallic glass

Y. C. Kim, H. J. Chang, D. H. Kim, W. T. Kim, P. R. Cha

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The effect of partial replacement of Cu by Be in Ti50Cu 32Ni15Sn3 alloy on the thermal properties, structure, and forming ability of an amorphous phase were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), x-ray diffraction (XRD), extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Ti50Cu25Ni15Sn 3Be7 alloy shows enhanced glass-forming ability, enabling one to fabricate a fully amorphous bulk metallic glass sample 2mm in diameter by injection casting. With the replacement, the supercooled liquid region ΔTx (≤ Tx-Tg, where Tx is the crystallization temperature and Tg is the glass transition temperature) decreased from 73 to 45K and the reduced glass transition temperature Trg (≤ Tg/T1, where T 1 is the liquidus temperature) increased from 0.53 to 0.57. The amorphous Ti50Cu25Ni15Sn3Be 7 phase showed a formation of short-range-ordered clusters 1-2nm in size, which is attributed to the strong interaction between Ti and Be. The results show that ΔTx can be used as a thermal parameter reflecting the glass-forming ability of the alloy only when the phase formed during crystallization is the same as the phase competing with the glass transition during solidification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number196104
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 16


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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