Update of upper level turbulence forecast by reducing unphysical components of topography in the numerical weather prediction model

Sang Hun Park, Jung Hoon Kim, Robert D. Sharman, Joseph B. Klemp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On 2 November 2015, unrealistically large areas of light-or-stronger turbulence were predicted by the WRF-RAP (Weather Research and Forecast Rapid Refresh)-based operational turbulence forecast system over the western U.S. mountainous regions, which were not supported by available observations. These areas are reduced by applying additional terrain averaging, which damps out the unphysical components of small-scale (~2Δx) energy aloft induced by unfiltered topography in the initialization of the WRF model. First, a control simulation with the same design of the WRF-RAP model shows that the large-scale atmospheric conditions are well simulated but predict strong turbulence over the western mountainous region. Four experiments with different levels of additional terrain smoothing are applied in the initialization of the model integrations, which significantly reduce spurious mountain-wave-like features, leading to better turbulence forecasts more consistent with the observed data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7718-7724
Number of pages7
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume43
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 28

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weather
forecasting
topography
turbulence
prediction
predictions
control simulation
meteorology
smoothing
mountains
mountain
forecast
simulation
energy
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "On 2 November 2015, unrealistically large areas of light-or-stronger turbulence were predicted by the WRF-RAP (Weather Research and Forecast Rapid Refresh)-based operational turbulence forecast system over the western U.S. mountainous regions, which were not supported by available observations. These areas are reduced by applying additional terrain averaging, which damps out the unphysical components of small-scale (~2Δx) energy aloft induced by unfiltered topography in the initialization of the WRF model. First, a control simulation with the same design of the WRF-RAP model shows that the large-scale atmospheric conditions are well simulated but predict strong turbulence over the western mountainous region. Four experiments with different levels of additional terrain smoothing are applied in the initialization of the model integrations, which significantly reduce spurious mountain-wave-like features, leading to better turbulence forecasts more consistent with the observed data.",
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Update of upper level turbulence forecast by reducing unphysical components of topography in the numerical weather prediction model. / Park, Sang Hun; Kim, Jung Hoon; Sharman, Robert D.; Klemp, Joseph B.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, No. 14, 28.07.2016, p. 7718-7724.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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